Cooking Measurements And Terminology

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Measurement Conversions

tsp = teaspoon ml = milliliter g = gram lb = pound

T = tablespoon oz = ounce kg = kilogram fl oz = fluid ounce

¼ tsp = 1 ml

½ tsp = 2 ml

1 tsp = 5 ml

1 T = 15 ml = 3 tsp

2 T = 30 ml = 6 tsp = 1 fl oz

¼ cup = 60 ml or 2 oz

½ cup = 120 ml or 4 oz

¾ cup = 180 ml or 6 oz

1 cup = 240 ml or 8 oz

1 oz = 30 g

2 oz = 60 g

4 oz = ¼ lb = 115 g

8 oz = ½ lb = 230 g

12 oz = ¾ lb = 340 g

16 oz = 1 lb = 455 g

2.2 lbs = 1 kg

 

Estimates of Standard Portions

Household Item

Approximate Size

Tip of thumb to first joint

1 teaspoon (tsp) = 5 ml

Golf ball

1 Tablespoon = 15 ml

Deck of playing card

3 ounces

Tennis ball

2/3 cup

Tube of lipstick

1 ounce

2 dominos

1 ounce

4 dice

1 ounce

CD disc

1 ounce “slice”

Match box

1 ounce

*  These are approximate measurements.  For accurate measurements use standard measuring utensils

Cooking Terminology

Bake:  Cooking food uncovered in an oven with a small amount of liquid or fat (dry heat)

Barbecuing: A combination of covered grilling and smoking

Boiling/Blanching:  Cooking food in hot water

Braising:  Simmering food in a small amount of fluid

Broiling:  Cooking food under a heat source, such as the broiler setting of an oven

Grilling: Cooking food over a heat source that is open to air (radiant heat)

Poaching:  Cooking food in a fluid that is heated to a gentle simmer, but not boiled

Roasting:  Cooking food in a hot oven and surrounded by hot, dry heat

Sautéing:  Cooking food quickly in an open hot pan with a small amount of fat until lightly brown

Steaming:  Cooking food with pressurized water vapor (moist heat)

 

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